THC concentrates contain a high potency of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) with levels that range from 40% to 80%, and a few concentrates have extracts that reach 90%. Cannabis flowers, in contrast, have a low THC potency of 10%-25%.
Concentrates are categorized as combustible, edible, and topical.
Rosin is derived from liquefied cannabinoids, like THC, and unstable liquid terpenes heated and squeezed out of the plant where it becomes a solid form of resin. The resin technique has rapidly developed in recent years and is now a simple and affordable way to produce a quality product. Rosin can be made into other consistencies, including shatter and wax.
Cannabis wax is made by applying a highly flammable liquid called butane to several marijuana buds that are packed together in a tube. The THC is extracted and is highly concentrated. Cannabis wax is oily, has the same consistency as normal wax, and is just as robust. It usually turns a yellow colourVonce it’s been cooled. It’s mainly smoked in a bong or a vape pen.
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Cannabis distillate is making waves as a new kind of cannabis concentrate. Nicknamed "The Pure," it is an odorless, tasteless extract obtained using high heat extraction. It results in 100% pure cannabinoid.
Cannabis has already travelled far from the bud. However, a new production technique is now hitting the commoditised world of weed. It is called distillation. It is also very likely to be the future of commercial marijuana.
Distillate - in other words, cannabinoids that have been distilled from concentrate or plant matter - has arrived. Distillation is a technique for creating cannabis extracts that are pure on a molecular level. It is possible to isolate specific cannabinoids. It is also possible to create odourless and tasteless THC (or CBD) that is 99% pure concentrate.
This is the next stage of cannabis science. And it is likely to show up near you, no matter if you are a recreational or medical user. This technology is very likely to catalyse some major changes worldwide. It has already begun to show up at trade shows everywhere there is a legal cannabis market. And at every conference, these booths have constant traffic.
THE NEXT STEP OF CANNABINOID PROCESSING
Distillates use a process very different from other concentrates you may have heard of, such as wax, shatter, rosin or hash.
Up until now, there were two main methods of creating concentrates. The first uses a solvent such as butane to extract the key components from plant matter. This category also encompasses alcohol-based methods. Using solvents is a common production technique for making shatter and wax. The other method, commonly used in making bubble hash, flower rosin, and full-melt hash, does not use solvents. Instead, these techniques use pressure or rinsing methods to extract cannabinoids and terpenes.
That said, both approaches have drawbacks. And both processes can leave behind residue from the solvents, or from the plant matter itself.
Distillation, on the other hand, employs a process that actually separates and refines molecules. It is frequently nicknamed “The Clear” or “The Pure” for this reason.
Distillation uses heat to vaporize cannabinoids. This vapour is then collected in the distillation cooling system. This strips everything from the cannabinoids, including plant matter and chlorophyll.
This in turn creates a very clean, very concentrated liquid that is also completely solvent-free.
The distillate can then be infused into everything from consumer products to medicine. And the benefit, obviously, is that there is nothing in it except the desired cannabinoids. Research and experimentation on how to capture terpenes is ongoing.
HOW TO DISTILL CANNABIS
This is something you can do at home, but you need the right equipment. There are kits beginning to be sold online, not to mention many onine tutorials on DIY distillation.
Depending on where you live, there are even classes now being taught by local experts.
Distillation is a time-consuming, fairly expensive hobby. But the results are absolutely worth it. It is also a far safer method of making concentrates than others.
On the commercial level, there are kitchens who open their facilities to interested groups for classes. The big machinery required, however, are far too expensive for most home enthusiasts to access. These are professional, commercial pieces of lab equipment. Some of the top distillate manufacturers, in fact, come directly from the pharmaceutical world.
The biggest critique of the distillation method so far is that it usually destroys all terpenes. The culprit is heat. Terpenes are quite delicate and can only be extracted at lower temperatures. That said, extractors can sidestep this issue by separately extracting terpenes, then infusing them with cannabinoids later.
This practice has already evoked a storm of criticism from those who claim this is the dawn of “engineered” cannabis. That said, this practice will likely continue because of the level of customisation it offers manufacturers. Flavour, in other words, can be added from any flower downstream of the extraction process. Distillate is not only odour, but taste free.
Distilling also cannot remove all pesticides. That is one of the reasons this process requires raw product that is safe. Finally, distillate is far more expensive. That said, there is a reason; it is a highly concentrated cannabinoid extract. You can use less of it than traditional methods to achieve similar effects.
THE DAWN OF COMBINED CANNABINOIDS
This production process is becoming commercialised at a time when demand is outstripping supply. If there was such a thing as pure cannabinoid essence, distillate is it. To see a glimpse of the future of cannabis distillates, here is a short list of what’s likely to come.
The impact on this segment of an already a huge market cannot be underestimated. This opens up the door for cannabis home-cooks. Distillate has no flavour or odour, so gone is the ever-present weed taste of old-school edibles. On the commercial side of the equation, this is only going to make a hot market even hotter. The Canadian recreational market comes online next July - and this means everything from soda to gum and a range of savoury products. Because of the strong connections to the European markets by Canadian cannabis exporters, look out for distillate edibles in Europe as soon as next summer.
The path is now open, fully, for pharma recombination of cannabinoids in every possible way. That is good news indeed for the growing medical community in Europe. Expect major innovations to be commoditised on the medical side of the equation. Distillation essentially means the ability to create your own customised cannameds in a bottle. The Israelis are already ahead of just about everyone else on this. However, you can expect the impact of distillation to effect a medical market near you. If it has not already.
Topicals. This is a relatively new market just about everywhere, but expect it to explode, too. Particularly in the medical and sports medicine verticals. Then there’s beauty products . Combine some tropical nut oil (like coconut) and canna-distillate. You now have the basis for most canna beauty products. And they are already coming. Distillate makes a raw ingredient that can be added easily to just about any cosmetic on the market.
CONCENTRATE CARTRIDGES OR VAPE TIP/PENS
Concentrate vape cartridges are super popular. With good reason, they are affordable, readily available, and come in as many types and varieties as the dry herb that is used to make them. We've recently added a few options for using concentrate pen cartridges to our shop so we'd like to give you an in-depth rundown on how these cartridges work, and what differentiates them form dap pens and dry-herb vaporizers.
Although vape pens are meant to be easy to use, it doesn’t hurt to know a bit more about them when you’re just getting started. If you’re unboxingyour new gadget right now, this post will help you sort out that ultimate question – how to use a vape pen correctly? It doesn’t matter if it’s a concentrate pen or a dry herb pen the systems are fundamentally the same.
What to do first with your new Vape Pen
Well, you’ve unboxed your vape pen, but now what? It’s pretty tempting to plug it that fancy gadget and immediately have fun with it once it’s charged, but hold off. Here are a few tips on how to use a vape as a pro from day one.
Read the Manual
Sometimes the manual is just a pamphlet, sometimes its a twenty-page booklet written in broken English. Either way, dig in and read it cover to cover because there is always something that you didn't know about your vape pen, but is essential to its use and maintenance. Charging cables are a subject that varies greatly, and you should be aware of the best connection and charger to use with your vape.
What are you Vaping?
There are three distinct materials you can use: vape juices and oils, dry herbs, and concentrates. Generally, you can’t use one pen for every ingredient, at least, not without some additional equipment. You might think that vape juice and hemp oil are interchangeable, but you would be mistaken.
It's important to remember to use your vape pen only to vape the material it supports. In other words, if you have a dry herb vape, don't try and load it with concentrates, it will wreak havoc on it and waste your dabs. Some vaporizers have swappableparts that allow you to switch between loose leaf and concentrates. Make sure you know what needs to be done when you’re switching between modes.
Charge it, and Load it
Make sure that your pen is fully charged before you hit that go button. Most vape pens use built-in batteries so you will have to connect them to a charger until they are fully loaded. Use the charging cord that came with the package – some pens don’t take kindly to other charging cables and will short out if charged incorrectly. Also, remember to re-charge on a cycle, let your pen charge go down, and then put it on the charger until it is fully charged, and then pull it off.
Regardless of what you vape on, it’s vital that you have control over it and use common sense. If you’re vaporizing dry herbs or concentrates, you need to be extremely conscious of your usage rate and amount of intake when you vape.
Just because it’s acceptable and available doesn’t mean you should abuse it. You can always have too much of a good thing. Use common sense and go slow and low until you reach a comfortable place and try and stay there.
For the best tasting and best quality sessions be sure to keep your pen clean at all times. Most of life is upkeep, that's especially true with the tools you use to enjoy your life. Keep it clean and functioning well and it will keep you blazed.
Use Fresh Herbs
The better quality your herbs, the better your vape session will be. If you are using dry herbs, an adequately cured but still fresh bud is best. And make sure to grind it as finely as you can. Many grinders will have
The Right Temp
Your vape temperature is another critical part of the mix. This will depend on your style and what effect you prefer. Different cannabinoidsevaporate at various temperatures (producing different levels of high). Experiment a bit until you find a sweet spot that works for you.
Avoid Burning Your Herbs
You aren't going through all this trouble just to combust on accident. Generally, you should never need to use your vape on it's highest settings. Vapes have an upper and the lowest temperature but for most, its the middle settings that are ideal for vaporizing.
Pack That Oven Right
Get the finest ground you can use so that your oven walls and airflow can make contact with the most substantial amount of bud. This might sound like you need to cram in as much weed as you can, however, what you need to do is pack very finely ground bud evenly without condensing it so much to cut off airflow.
Take a measured hit
Don't take long hard hits from your vape pen; it's not a joint. If you hit it too hard, then it cannot heat the air as it passes through the oven, or you may suck up more concentrate fluid than can be vaporized and waste some valuable dabs.
The trick here is to take even, short puffs the way you would a cigarette or cigar. These short quick puffs will build up to the big draw you want without overheating the vape or the mouthpiece.
Where are the cartridges?
Pre-loaded cannabis oil vape cartridges, hash oil vape pens, or even disposable wax pens can be found in every legal dispensary all over the country and even a few states they shouldn't be. These relatively new and exciting devices have saturated the cannabis concentrate market over the last few years, quickly becoming the preferred concentrate-based product for both the beginner and seasoned cannabis enthusiasts.
However, when it comes to picking the right pre-loaded disposable pen, many factors stand in the way of making the best decision. Although many of these products seem fundamentally the same, many nuances differentiate them from one another.
Why Choose a Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridge?
If you’re new to pre-filled oil vape cartridges, there are many benefits to using them that I’ve outlined below.
Ease of Use
Deciding to use a pre-filled oil vape cartridge takes the guesswork out of getting high. Counter to other methods of using concentrates such as a dab rig or even portable vape pens which require self-loading, a vape cartridge is usually as easy as just screwing on your pen. At most, these products may need you to push a button and inhale. After you do that, it's up to you to decide how to have fun, or just relax.
Pre-filled oil vape carts are the easiest method of enjoying hash oil while on the go. Their sleek and minimalist design allows for discreet vaping, free of the distracting qualities that larger setups or raw cannabis products may carry (such as noticeable smoke or odor).
For uninitiated cannabis concentrate users, dosing can be an essential concern. Nobody wants an overwhelming experience when trying to enjoy cannabis oil products responsibly. Unlike dabbing, using a pre-loaded vape pen allows for a controlled dose with each inhalation. You can start low and go slow like you always should.
Types of cartridges
Familiarize yourself with the many types of pre-filled oil vape cartridges on the market so you can purchase the one that best fits your needs or preferences.
Cartridges vs. Disposable pens
When choosing a pre-filled vape pen, there are several hardware options. Some products are offered in tanks that typically come formatted with a 510 threaded standard vaporizer battery insert. These tanks can fit on any battery that receives the 510 threading, and now almost all battery tanks come in this form. The exception to this is when you purchase pre-loaded tanks designed by companies to fit their personalized batteries. An example would be the PAXEraPods, which are intended to be used with their vaporizer/battery systems.
Alternatively, many pre-loaded vape pens are available as “disposables,” containing a pre-charged battery designed to support the vape until the tank empties. These pen varieties require no charging and are meant to be disposed of after use. They contain no threading and are not intended to be removed from the battery.
For a vaporizer cartridge to function correctly, its contents must have the correct viscosity. Otherwise, the oils are either too thick or too thin to be able to vaporize within the device. Cartridge manufacturers utilize several methods to create the ideal oil for their pens.
CO2 Oil: Certain high grade winterized CO2 oils are uniquely compatible with vaporizer cartridges because they do not require additives of any kind to meet the viscosity levels needed to vaporize in an atomizer. If made correctly, these oils are able to retain modest levels of plant-based terpenes, which act as natural thinning agents as well as give the oils their signature strain-specific flavors.
Distillates: A cannabis distillate is a highly refined oil containing pure cannabinoidsand almost nothing else. The benefit to using distillates in vaporizer cartridges is the oil can be produced from a variety of starting materials. Any hash oil variety from CO2 to BHO and everything in between can be purified into a distillate with the right hardware. The drawback to using distillates in vaporizer cartridges is that because there are no residual terpenes left behind, there is nothing to cut the viscosity of the material. For a distillate to be used for cartridges, a thinning agent of some kind is required.
Additives: Additives are sometimes used in vape cartridge oils as a supplemental thinning agent. In some cases, methods have been taken to “cut” or infuse various hash oils with certain substances such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), or even medium chain triglycerides (MCT) such as coconut oil in order to maintain a less viscous and lasting oil consistency favorable to conventional atomizer functionality. This process has become controversial due to raised health concerns and products containing these thinning agents are showing up less on the market as of late.
Terpene Infusions and Strain-Specific Flavorings:
The use of terpenes has been found to help lower the viscosity of hash oil as well as increase flavor and aromatics, making them a potentially safer alternative to other cutting agents. Terpenes not only add flavor and aromatics to your session, but they can also help alter the effects of a product due to their ability to influence how cannabinoidsinteract with our system. This is known as the "full spectrum" effect.
There are several ways to use terpenes with pre-filled vaporizer cartridges. Some manufacturers rely on CO2 based extractions which when refined by use of ethanol can actually retain plant-based terpenes at a percentage helpful to achieving viscosity. This is how manufacturers are able to sell flavors based on natural strain profiles. Furthermore, natural cannabis-derived terpenes profiles that have been fractionedthrough refinement can be re-added to hash oils in small percentages, creating a natural spectrum of flavor and effect while also giving an oil the correct consistency required to function in a cartridge.
But food-grade terpene flavorings are arguably the most prevalent as well as the lowest quality additives used in cartridges. Terpenes cannot only be found in hundreds of natural foods as well as can be synthesized.
Labels that describe an effect
Many times, pre-filled oil vape cartridges are labeled and marketed by their supposed effect on the user. Products of this variety tend to claim they provide “relaxing” or “energetic” results, with some often being labeled as indica, sativa, or even hybrid. When infused into a product, these terpene combinations are designed to give the impact similar to what you would find in particular cannabis strains.
Whether they’re infused with food-grade terpenes or naturally-derived terpenes extracted from cannabis strains, many of these products incorporate carefully mixed combinations similar to what would be traced in a strain or strain type. How well these infusions imitate the strain varieties they copy is questionable; however, products with terpene mixtures tend to give a more enhanced experience than a similar product containing one or no terpenes.
Although many hash oil pen varieties are labeled by flavor or effect, some focus on cannabinoidconcentration. Aside from the typical high-THC product that most pens offer, some manufacturers offer products containing elevated levels of cannabidiol(CBD).
High-CBDpens may or may not contain added flavorings, but they do guarantee a ratio of THC to CBD that is far less than other pens. Many people prefer the non-euphoric and devastating effects of CBD compared to THC. These types of pens offer great medicinal benefit to those looking for CBD in an easy-to-consume product.
The zenith of pre-loaded oil cartridges is undoubtedly full-spectrum extracts. These products are created using the entire spectrum of bioavailablecompounds found within a cannabis strain. A full-spectrum oil does not add, reintroduce, or eliminate any active compound within the plant and offers a flavor and effect far superior and multidimensional to most competitors.
Full-spectrum cartridges are hard to come by and are only offered in specific markets; their price tends to reflect their rarity as well. If you’re fortunate enough to live in a market where these products are available, it’s highly recommended to pay the extra cost to have the best quality experience.
Browse Cannabis Vap pens
All in all, there are many types of pre-filled oil cartridge varieties to consider, each one with its pros and cons. If you’re interested in learning more about these types of products, always ask your local budtenderbefore committing to a purchase.
Vape pens are not difficult to use, but you have to know the best practices if you want to have your best vaping experience. Make sure to drop down to the comments section and ask any questions or for advice. We will do our best to help!